2009年09月03日

case presentation 1日目

いままでのディスカッションで上がってきたテーマを
さらに分析すべくケーススタディを行う。

human rights-Roxana
human rights situation in Japan-Waka
Rights-Based Approach-Joseph
Plenary Discussion on morning situation presentation-Roxana
Inequalities-The case of Kenya-Pamela
Plenary Discussion on Inequalities-Waka
Advocasy-Joseph
Questions-and-Answers session-Pamela

今日盛り上がったのはジェンダーについて。
東ティモールでは、結婚の際に男性が女性の家族に
バッファローを送るそうだが、その是非について。
いやぁ、いろいろと意見があるものです。

Recap of September 3.2009

The day started with a welcome to Mike and to Ame. After the class reviewed the previous day`s trip to Kamagasaki area of Osaka sity with a view to noting the lessons learned. The class had visited an area which predominantly hosts men of mostly above 60 years who live on casual labor and have no housing. Most of them sleep on the floor in a big public shelter put up in 1970s by the government. On the second floor of the house is an office of a laborer hiring company to which many companies register and through which they recruit "day laborers" for construction and other menial jobs.

Some of the highlighted lessons were that:

1.Kamagasaki represents one of the negative social by-products of Japanese economic development and modernization, which have caused the dissolution of community and, to some extent, family. Kamagasaki is therefore one of the ironies of developmemt.

2.Every country has its dark side and socio issues to deal with; no country is a utopia.

3.A country can forget the segment of the population on whose back the economy has been built.

4.Kamagasaki is challenge to Japan`s civil society on human rights issues - advocasy.


Rights-Based Approach to Development

RBA had the following highlights: What RBA is; what is it is all about and what it focuses on. It was emphasized that RBA focuses on ensuring that people`s right to development and services are fulfilled by duty bearers and that the people are empowered to have choices, participate and demand for their rights.

What to remember about RBA:

■The core of RBA is identifying the fundamental, or'root' causes, of poverty and a commitment to help confront such causes.

■Root cases are often systemic or structual: at social, government systems, global relations levels and underpinned by vested interests at all levels.

Advocacy

Advocacy is a set of targeted actions or activities in support of a cause or issue undertaken by an individual or a group of individuals and/or organizations working in concert and directed at decision makers to influence changes. It is about speaking up, drawing attention to important issues and influencing or compelling decision makers towards a solution. Other areas covered were how to conduct advocacy: mobilization, sensitization of people, sensitization of people, choosing the issues of focus, choosing the target audience/recipient of message, etc. Networking was given as an important element. Tools/strategies to use included lobbying, petitioning, demonstrations, use of mass media, etc.
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