2009年08月12日

organization sharingスタート!

初日のorganization sharingは
エクアドルのヴィヴィアナさん、
日本参加枠のアメリカのマイクさん
パプアニューギニアのリディアさん、
の3名。

ヴィヴィアナさんは世界的なNGO、プラン・インターナショナルの
マイクロファイナンス ナショナルアドバイザー。

マイクさんは京都のNGO、アクセスのインターン。
今回はアクセスの話に加えて、アメリカでのマイノリティへの教育活動の紹介をしてくれた。

リディアさんは女性銀行マイクロファイナンスプログラムの代表。
今は貯蓄グループの組織化がメインワークとのこと。

シェアリングの初日とあって緊張感も漂う。
しかし、それぞれの活動に対して活発な質疑が繰り返される。
もちろんたまには空中戦に突入するが。

今日はヴィヴィアナさん、リディアさん共通のマイクロクレジットで盛り上がる。
貧しい人たちにマイクロクレジットはどう有効なのか、など。



Diary Report –August 12
Roxana Mazzola and Mike Richter


We began the morning with Josef and Sangay reporting on yesterday`s program. Four presentations were planned for today: Viviana (Plan International; Ecuador), Mike (ACCEss; Philippines), Lydia (Women Bank Microfinance Program, Papua New Guinea), video about Japan´s Modernization.

Viviana reported on her organization, Plan International, and her country, Ecuador.
Characteristics of the country: Population; 14,000,000; Surface Area: 272,000 km2; 66% Urban, 34% Rural; 88% Mestizo; 15 languages, lingua franca is Spanish. Kichwa is now recognized as a new language.

Plan International`s vision is “a world in which boys, girls and adolescents realize their full potential in societies which respect human rights.” The mission is to enable families to meet basic needs, to build relationships, and to promote the rights of children.

Child centered community development (CCCD) and microfinance are key to her program. “Children are at the heart of everything we do.” There are currently 50,000 sponsored children in Ecuador.

Principal Challenge: Participatory approach is not a strategy, but rather a right for the people.

Viviana finished with an explanation of microfinance.

Mike then talked about his previous work experience, and current internship with the NGO, ACCEss.
Characteristics of education in universities with respect to ethnicity (Latino, African American, Native American, Pacific Islander). He explained the limits to education for each group, and how his office worked to equalize the situation, and give opportunities for different ethnicities.

Then he talked about his role in ACCEss, and the various events and programs they have in the Philippines.
Characteristics about the Philippines: Population: 98 million; 35% Rural, 65% Urban, Literacy Rate: 92.6%; population below poverty line: 30%

The Vision and Mission of ACCEss: We aim to create a society where people live in peace, without poverty, and in which human rights are respected by all.

Achievements: Health and Education projects within the Philippines
Constraints: Budget, small staff, supplies
Challenges: funding

We then broke for lunch for an hour.

After coming back, Lydia did the final presentation of the day, on her country, Papua New Guinea, and her organization, Women Bank Micro Finance Program.
Characteristics of PNG: 4 regions; 6 million people; 800 languages; 600 islands 75% Rural, 25% Urban; Literacy Level: 49.3%, gender inequalities is a problem in PNG

Women Bank: Created in 2007. It is a microfinance program working to empower women to become self-reliant, thus formation of savings groups & provision of credit.

Structure: 10 members form one group. 10 groups form one branch. 10 branches for one zone. 10 zones form one federation. There are currently 50 groups in existence.

Challenges: Capacity Building
Constraints: People change programs at a whim,
Achievements: each woman has a different participatory role in the organization. The savings increased from 15,000 to 20,000 Kina this year.

Finally, we watched a video about Japan´s modernization. There were 4 secrets to the success of the country:
Meritocracy
Adopt and Adapt
Public and Private Collaboration
Education
Post-war reforms:
Democratization and reforms
Give women equal rights
Fair competition
Agricultural reform
Distribution of Wealth
Agricultural basic law: subsidies for land improvements
Price support for farmers
15 new industrial cities were formed
Social insurance system became available to everyone
The video was made 10 years ago, and according to Mr. Nakata, the income gap is growing wider lately. New challenges for the future include environmental reforms. Japan has taken the lead in the world in this respect with the Kyoto Protocol.



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